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Dangerous by Design: Pedestrian danger index

Yesterday, Transportation For America released their report on the state of pedestrian safety in the US. Providence achieved the dubious distinction of being the 4th-most dangerous metro in the northeast for pedestrians. Meanwhile, a short train ride away, the Boston metro was ranked as the most safe (or least dangerous, depending on how you look at it) in the country.

While that makes for good headlines, if you look at the full report of the 52 metros over one-million population, we actually rank 4th (or 5th if you count Pittsburgh as northeast) best in the region. Out of the 52 metros surveyed, we rank 40th (the higher the number, the safer).

What I find most interesting scanning the list is, the more pedestrians there are, the safer the metro is for pedestrians. Safest ranked Boston has 5% of people walking to work in their metro (only 3rd safest New York has more, 6.1%). In the most dangerous metro, Orlando, only 1.2% of people commute on foot (tied with Birmingham, AL for the lowest percentage of pedestrian commuters).

This correlation is not direct, there are metros with lower walk-to-work rates ranked higher (2.2% Cleveland is second safest somehow), but it is pretty apparent at a glance. Certainly there are many factors at play, size of the central city, climate, general health of the population; but it seems apparent that the built environment contributes to people walking more. So is this a chicken or an egg. Do we have more people walking because our city was built that way? Is the city safer because we have more people walking, driver behavior expects pedestrians?

I would assume that our city has a higher walk-to-work rate because our city is built in such a way as to allow people to walk. In our dense urban centers we have minimal wide arterials, we have sidewalks on most streets, our urban areas are compact, allowing for short commutes, etc. However, we spent the last half of the 20th century working against that infrastructure and building for our cars. Much of central Providence is dominated by windswept surface lots, the highways tearing through town degrade the walking environment, streets such as Memorial Blvd. are designed to speed traffic with crosswalks laid down as a quaint habit of our pedestrianized past. Elmwood Avenue, built for the streetcar, is now a highspeed auto dominated roadway.

While Boston and New York and other metros ranked higher than us such as Seattle, Portland, and Minneapolis have started to turn the corner on automobile dominance and have started to build their cities for all users, Providence is falling behind. The Sierra Club of Rhode Island’s Abel Collins was quoted in the PBN on this issue:

Here in Rhode Island, we could be saving lives and encouraging better lifestyles by investing in sidewalks, crosswalks, trails, traffic calming and other safety measures, in addition to better biking infrastructure and world-class public transit. Complete streets in Rhode Island will help save lives and provide safe, convenient transportation choices that will help break our addiction to oil.

Indeed. Abel wrote a post about complete streets for us earlier this year.

In order to be competetive nationally, Providence and Rhode Island must invest in infrastructure that makes it safe and convenient for people to travel by means other than the automobile. The double whammy of an economy in the toilet and gas prices in the stratosphere (at least from an American perspective) highlight the danger of our reliance on the automobile at the expense of pedestrians, cyclists, and transit. A recent report by the National Bureau of Economic Research found that nearly half of Americans are considered financially fragile, unable to come up with $2,000 quickly in an emergency, an emergency such as car repairs. That inability to afford a car when no other means of transportation is avaialable contributes to safety problems for pedestrians in metro areas across the country, including ours.

We currently sit as the 13th safest metro, certainly this is a top-ten list we should really be working to get on.


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6 Responses to Dangerous by Design: Pedestrian danger index

  1. SK May 26, 2011 at 11:45 am #

    I think the lack of attentive pedestrians should be factored into this study. There are so many random pedestrians, and more specifically, Brown students, who just casually walk into oncoming traffic when the light is green. These people must have never learned to look both ways, and cross when there’s nothing coming. I know there are people who have no regard for slowing down for some pedestrians, but every time I see a report like this, I think we should see the story from both sides. Pedestrians need to do their part too.

  2. Jef Nickerson May 26, 2011 at 11:57 am #

    There’s a chicken and egg issue with Brown students wandering into the street too. The traffic does not move fast enough in the Brown area for wondering into the street willy nilly to be much of a safety problem. For the way the students behave, we have a stunningly low number of pedestrian vs. car incidents on College Hill (most seem to involve alcohol on the part of the driver and end very badly).

    If traffic was moving 35 to 45mph on the Brown campus, I don’t think it would take too long for the Brown kids to learn to look both ways before crossing the street. The piles of bodies on the side of the road would be the clue for them.

    Although, it is in part the students wondering aimlessly into traffic that has calmed the traffic in the area. Drivers know in the Thayer/Angell/Waterman area they are going to have moron students wondering in front of them. Most drivers do not want the hassle of a police report and the visit to a car wash that running down one of these wayward students would incur. So they drive in such a way as to be sure to avoid a Brown student hood ornament.

    Yes, the students probably should take more care in watching where they are going, but I prefer living in the world where neglecting to look both ways before crossing a city street is not an automatic death sentence.

  3. barry May 26, 2011 at 4:21 pm #

    On the whole a helpful report to call attention to pedestrian issues, and good comments by Abel and Jef. I would only suggest more attention in the report and the related comments to two related issues:
    first, the poor job of snow removal from sidewalks – some of suggested a “summit” of stakeholdrs (RIDOT, police departments, AAA, Mayor’s office, chamber of commerces, pedestrian advocates etc) to convene discuss this and make plans before the next season.
    the second is combatting dangerous driving, such as drunk, reckless, or distracted driving and such. One way we made a start on the last is with no-texting while driving laws but this needs education and enforcement rather than infrastructure.

  4. Tony P May 26, 2011 at 10:03 pm #

    Here’s a little story that happened to me this week. I’m crossing Vinton St at Broadway. A car comes CHARGING down the street and screeches to a stop. So I wave him through with exaggerated motion.

    It’s a Providence cop, pretty sure I saw sergeants strips on his arm. He stops and asks me if I threw him the finger and I’m thinking to myself that I have every right to throw an asshole drive the finger. So I said, “No, I was waving you through because you were in such a hot hurry.”

    Yep, even the cops.

  5. Jef Nickerson May 27, 2011 at 11:31 am #

    The American Fitness Index also came out last week, we ranked 19th out of 50. AltTransport think they see a correlation between pedestrian safety and fitness.

  6. Jenn June 2, 2011 at 9:57 am #

    I’m from Pittsburgh. It’s definitely not northeast. It’s a city designed for streetcar use, too, so the downtown has wide streets, sidewalks, and good visibility. Neighborhood shopping districts have sidewalks, crosswalks, and four-way walk signs. There are also few surface lots, but lots of street and garage parking. It pains me to say it but we could learn a lot about moving people around from them – they’ve got a fairly effective spoke bus system, bike lanes, active rails-to-trails in the downtown area, and generally is much more green and clean than its industrial history would suggest.

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